The first records of olive oil cultivation in Italy are from the middle of the VII century. In this age, the Greek settlers from Southern Italy, the Magna Graecia, got their olive oil from trees imported from their homeland. They used the oil for illumination, cosmetic and, of course, for the preparation of meals.
For the Greeks, the olive tree was sacred. The ancient cultivars yielded sufficient fruits for the production of oil only 50 years after planting them. Planting an olive tree was therefore an act of love for its descendants.
The Athenian Constitution of Aristotles of 350 BC decreed:
"Anyone who has uprooted or felled an olive tree, either property of the State or private citizens, will be judged in court and, if found guilty, sentenced to death."
On the left hand side you can see an old apulian vase which inspired the logo of the olive grove.